Hanlons

John Hanlon and his wife Catherine Reid

 

I have searched the Roman Catholic baptism registers for the local parishes of Killevy Upper, Killevy Lower and Creggan for 1860 but not found any trace of Harriet having been baptised at these places. Robert Williamson has suggested that Harriet could have been adopted informally by the people we think are her parents, perhaps on behalf of a close family member. This is something that it is going to be very hard to demonstrate.

Killevy Parish Roman Catholic records of baptisms for the 1850s upwards survive, thankfully, along with marriages from the 1830s.

These show that  John Hanlon and his wife Catherine Reid had seven children at least, as shown on Robert Williamson's Ancestry tree. Unfortunately there is no Harriet Jane in January 1860, January 1857-59 or apparently at any time between 1857-1860.

Family of John Hanlon and Catherine Reid:

This couple apparently married in Killevy Parish on 28th July 1837. When you look at the microfilmed record it looks very like Catherine Rice, however.

 

 

That the mother's name is recorded as Rice is pretty clear- the entry above contains the same name, and Rice is written quite boldly in black ink.

However, looking closely at the microfilm raises doubts: why are the sponsor names so faint compared to child and parent names?

The answer is that all the names were originally recorded in pencil or a lighter ink and then baby and parents' names were gone over at a different date, though we cannot know how much later. What is discernible when you look closely is that the writer's distinctive d is there underneath: whoever wrote over with blod ink has misread the name!

Prior to the 1840s famine, the population of Ireland was much greater than it even is now. This means that there could be more than one John Hanlon marrying a Catherine. 

Comparing the faint slope of the d in Read (sic) with a clearer d just above is enough to satisfy me that Robert is correct.

Copyright, National Library of Ireland

Note that a witness was a John Reid: could this be a brother of Catherine?

John Hanlon and Catherine Reid were recorded in the RC Killeavy Lower baptismal register as being sponsors for a child named Bridget Tegarty (?) who was baptised on 2nd February 1836.

The 1901 census includes two Roman Catholic sisters named Mary and Eliza Reid, living at Killybodagh. Both were unmarried. It seems likely that these were relatives of Catherine Reid. Mary was said to be  60   years old and Eliza to be   58.  Mary said she was a farmer and Eliza was a seamstress. They said they could both read and write.

They were both dead by the next census. Mary died in May 1902, her death registered by Eliza (as Elizabeth). Eliza left a mark on the page, so clearly she could not write. Interestingly, Mary was now said to be 75, a considerable difference from the year before. This would place her birth around 1827, then, making it possible that she was the sister of Catherine Reid.

Eliza died in 1907. She was now said to be 74, giving a birth around 1833. If accurate, this would suggest that the sisters were more likely to be nieces than sisters to Catherine. A Mary McGlaffery registered the death but did not say that she was related. 

Family of John Hanlon and Catherine Reid:

1. Margaret Hanlon, baptised 12th January 1840. Mother Catherine Read.

2. John Hanlon, baptised 26th July 1842. Mother Catherine Reid.

3. William Hanlon, baptised 7th July 1844. Mother Catherine Read.

4. Catherine Hanlon, baptised 19th May 1849. Mother Catherine Reid.

5. Hugh Hanlon, baptised 1th March 1854. Mother Catherine Reid.

6. Margaret Hanlon*, baptised February 1857. Mother Catherine Reid.

7. James Hanlon, baptised 25th October 1859. Mother Catherine Reid.

There is a considerable gap between William and the second Margaret* and surely there were other children? See below from Robert Williamson.

He has inferred the following child was also born to John Hanlon and Catherine Reid:

Eliza Hanlon, born 1847

 

I cannot tie Harriet in to the "main" family of Hanlons still living in the area in the early 21st century but am certain that she was related because of several reasons:

a) a girl born in 1874 was given her name and our Harriet registered the birth of one of these children. Harriet could not be a sister of the John Hanlon below as she registered the deaths of both her parents in the 1890s. This larger, better documented, branch intermarried with the Gibsons at various stages.

b) A further proof of the family connection comes from the photograph below, thanks to Robert Williamson. Harriet Jane Gibson is seated at the front and wearing dark clothes. The older man at the back is apparently James Hanlon, born 1872, with members of his family and some of Harriet Jane's family, probably Stanley or Bertie at back left as you look at the image. Her daughter Emily is beside her. James's wife Kate is probably the person beside him. Fred Hanlon is on the right at the back. Given Fred's youth, if the identification is correct, the photo may date to the 1920s.

That Harriet is present in a picture of James Hanlon's family indicates her status as a member of the family, and it is my recommendation that we accept that she was a paternal aunt. 

As to "when," Harriet was surely born in 1858 or 1860, though January 1860 seems less likely given that James was baptised in October 1859, unless he were several months old when baptised.

However- below is the baptism record for "Margaret Jane Hanlon" in 1857. Having found that two other entries were deceptive, I thought it worth checking again. Ignoring the start of the name I was struck by the closeness of the last half of the name to "rriet"- and there does seem to be a slight stroke above the a. Could it have said Harriet in fainter ink first and been transcribed over, with an M replacing the H and an r turned into a g? 

Another option is that it is actually Harriet Jane but that it does indeed say Margaret Jane- the family simply opted to give her a different name. This is, of course, conjecture and unsupported by evidence.

 

 

 

 

1. Margaret Hanlon. One of the two Margarets had a relationship with a James Edward Falloon and had a child with him, named after his father. This birth was in December 1876.

The first Margaret having been born in 1840, she would have been 36 at the time. The second Margaret was born in 1857 and she would have been 20. Note that grandmother Catherine Hanlon registered the birth.

Normally I would accept that a second child with the same name as an earlier one meant the first had died, regardless of whether a burial record or death record could be found. However, there is a bit of a complication, shown below.

There is a burial at St Mary's Church of Ireland, Drumbanagher of a Margaret Hanlon, buried in 1921 supposedly aged 82, placing her birth around 1839. There is no other burial recorded of a Margaret Hanlon born in the 19th century.

2. John Hanlon. See right sidebar.

3. William Hanlon, born in 1844. William was baptised on 7th July 1844 in Killeavy RC Parish.

 

John Hanlon and his wife Elizabeth Anne Thompson

This second branch descends from John Hanlon and Elizabeth Anne (Betty) Thompson. They married at Newry Registry Office in February 1866. John was a farm labourer in Killybodagh and she was also living there. John's father was also named John and he was a labourer. It seems very likely that this is the same John Hanlon baptised in Killeavy RC Parish on 26th July 1842, the son of John Hanlon and Catherine Reid. It is so unfortunate that Irish marriage records did not record the mother's maiden name.

Photo of John Hanlon in later life, thanks to Robert Williamson and EmmaHanlon1 on Ancestry:

Betty Thompson was to die on 30th November 1898 at Drumbanagher. The family lived on at Killybodagh, as shown on the 1901 census. Children Hugh, Harriet and Mary (aged 20) were in the house. This would place her birth around 1881.

 

 

The Hanlons were to have at least 9 children, I believe. These were:

1. Annie Hanlon, b 1867

2. William John Hanlon, b 1/4/1868

3. Catherine Elizabeth Hanlon, 1869 - 1956 (known as Kathleen)

4. James Hanlon,  10/3/1872 - 30/6/1941

5. Harriet Jane Hanlon, 1/4/1874 - 3/1/1955

6. Thomas Hanlon, b 13/5/1876

7. Esther Hanlon, 15/1/1881 -   /1881

8. Hugh Hanlon, 17/12/1881 - 3/5/1929

9. Esther Hanlon, 11/2/1886 - 19/2/1886

For 1. Annie, see below, The Whitesides

2. William John Hanlon. 

4.  James Hanlon was to move to Crumlin where he raised a family. He died on 30th June 1941 at home after being knocked down by a motor bike. He lived at 1 Hill Street. Here is a newspaper clipping from the Belfast Newsletter, courtesy of British Newspaper Library:

Photo of James Hanlon, with thanks to Robert Williamson:

5. Harriet did not marry. She was a seamstress and lived with her father on the 1901 and 1911 censuses. 

 

6. Thomas was a coachman. He married Matilda Field from County Londonderry and they moved to the Ballyedmond area of Co Down. On the 1901 census they had 2 children, Alice and Charles. Below is his birth registration, showing that his parents were living at Killybodagh when he was born on 13th May 1876. Note that Harriette Hanlon registered the birth. This cannot be his sister as she was a small child so it must be be the Harriet Hanlon who married John Gibson. Harriet would have been between 16 and 19 at this time.

Here is the wedding certificate for Thomas and Matilda Field in August 1839, where he describes his father as a ploughman rather than a labourer. Thomas was living at Mullaglass at the time.

 

I have found via Ancestry that I have DNA in common with three descendants of Thomas Hanlon, which underlies the likelihood that Harriet Hanlon was fairly closely related to John Hanlon, father of Thomas. 

7. As can be seen above there were two girls named Esther who died in infancy. The implication is that this was a family name they were anxious to retain.

 

 

 

8. Hugh Hanlon was born in Drumbanagher on 17th December 1881. A Catherine Hanlon registered her birth. Was this his elder sister, aged around 12?  I do not know if a minor was allowed to make an official record like this at that time. Alternatively, was it Catherine Rice or Catherine Reid?

Hugh married Mary McCreery in Portadown in 1910. He then settled in that area and they had children in Portadown. It is interesting to see that the witnesses were Robert James Gibson and Mary Gibson.

Wedding certificate for Hugh Hanlon, showing that he was an engine driver.

 

9. Esther Hanlon was the youngest of the family, born in February 1886. Her mother must have been around 44 at this time. Esther died after only a few days. Both birth and death were registered by her eldest sister, Annie.

 

 

Emily Hanlon was the daughter of Harriet Jane Hanlon. Emily's name is mentioned in the Belfast Telegraph of 5th September 1940 on a page listing people who had collected money or contributed money to the Telegraph Spitfire Fund. E Hanlon of Drumbanagher is listed along with Bertie Gibson of Demone who contributed 2 shillings.

Below: death notice for Harriet Jane Hanlon, 1874-1955.

                                                       The Whitesides

 

Annie Hanlon  married William Whiteside in December 1890. He was a farmer and a mason. The Whiteside family can be seen on the 1901 and 1911 censuses. Annie's age as stated suggests she was born around 1866/67. They lived at House 8, Drumbanagher on the 1901 census. An Annabelle Hanlon is recorded in the school register which could be her.

This census excerpt shows the Whiteside family at Killybodagh in 1901. They had 6 children at this time.

The same family in 1911, now 8 children strong. The 9th, Essie, was living elsewhere. 

 

7. As can be seen above there were two girls named Esther who died in infancy. The implication is that this was a family name they were anxious to retain.

 

 

6. Thomas was a coachman. He married Matilda Field from County Londonderry and they moved to the Ballyedmond area of Co Down. On the 1901 census they had 2 children, Alice and Charles. Below is his birth registration, showing that his parents were living at Killybodagh when he was born on 13th May 1876. Note that Harriette Hanlon registered the birth. This cannot be his sister as she was a small child so it must be be the Harriet Hanlon who married John Gibson. Harriet would have been between 16 and 19 at this time.

Here is the wedding certificate for Thomas and Matilda Field in August 1839, where he describes his father as a ploughman rather than a labourer. Thomas was living at Mullaglass at the time.

 

I have found via Ancestry that I have DNA in common with three descendants of Thomas Hanlon, which underlies the likelihood that Harriet Hanlon was fairly closely related to John Hanlon, father of Thomas. 

8. Hugh Hanlon was born in Drumbanagher on 17th December 1881. A Catherine Hanlon registered her birth. Was this his elder sister, aged around 12?  I do not know if a minor was allowed to make an official record like this at that time. Alternatively, was it Catherine Rice or Catherine Reid?

Hugh married Mary McCreery in Portadown in 1910. He then settled in that area and they had children in Portadown. It is interesting to see that the witnesses were Robert James Gibson and Mary Gibson.

Wedding certificate for Hugh Hanlon, showing that he was an engine driver.

 

9. Esther Hanlon was the youngest of the family, born in February 1886. Her mother must have been around 44 at this time. Esther died after only a few days. Both birth and death were registered by her eldest sister, Annie.

 

 

Emily Hanlon was the daughter of Harriet Jane Hanlon. Emily's name is mentioned in the Belfast Telegraph of 5th September 1940 on a page listing people who had collected money or contributed money to the Telegraph Spitfire Fund. E Hanlon of Drumbanagher is listed along with Bertie Gibson of Demone who contributed 2 shillings.

Below: death notice for Harriet Jane Hanlon, 1874-1955.

                                                  

 

 

 

Family of William John Hanlon

William John Hanlon and his wife Elizabeth Thompson married in January 1892 at Drumbanagher. William was a coachman. They went on to have several children:

1. William John Hanlon, born 23/11/1892 and baptised in February 1893.

2. Joshua Hanlon, born 6/11/1894 at Demone and baptised in February 1895.

3. Alfred Thompson Hanlon, born 15/4/1897 and baptised in June 1897.

4. Florence Eveline Hanlon, born 28/3/1900 and baptised in June that year.

5. Wilhelmina Matilda Hanlon, born 12/7/1902 and baptised in September 1902.

6. Samuel James Hanlon, born 22/12/1904 and baptised in March 1905.

7. Albert Frederick Hanlon, born 24/10/1908 and baptised in January 1909.

8. George Ernest, born 16/5/1911 and baptised in July 1911. 

 

 

Their first son, William John Hanlon, became a school teacher and lived at 27 Ebrington Gardens in Belfast. He had married a Gibson, Marion Susanna Gibson, in November 1926 at St Mary's, Drumbanagher. When William died his widow moved back to Hanlon's Corner in Crumlin. William entered Drumbanagher NS on 9th May 1898. His will left £3865 to Fred Hanlon, merchant.

Second son Joshua entered Drumbanagher NS on 1st May 1899 and left in 1908. Joshua married Betty Whiteside after moving to Australia in October 1926. Joshua served in the Tank Corps in WW1 with service number 304874. He had enlisted in Princess Victoria's Royal Irish Fusiliers with service number 23920. Joshua became a lance corporal on 28th Feb 1916 and then full corporal on 27th May. This must have reflected leadership skills and resolve apparent during training. He was posted to France in October 1916 so he was not present for the bloody Battle of the Somme. Betty Whiteside was described as a book keeper and Joshua as a mechanic when they travelled to Australia. 

The move to the Tank Corps came, apparently, in mid August 1918. This was  the time when the Allies had withstood the May German Offensive and then had begun their own offensives, leading to a period of more classic open warfare. Tanks had become more efficient and less liable to breakdown and played a large part in the turning of the tide. He had lost the corporal stripe, howver. When Joshua was demobilised next year he was placed in Class Z, among those who would not be recalled. Joshua had been in hospital with a hernia in July 1916 in Belfast. In the summer of 1917 he suffered badly with impetago and then in August 1918 appears to have sustained shrapnel wounds to his back and thigh. It just says SW, which I presume means shrapnel wound. 

According to his service papers Joshua was a groom when he enlisted and was over 5 ft 7 inches tall. He weighed 137 pounds. Given his experience with horses it is surprising that he did not try to enlist in the cavalry. He had a 37 inch chest.

The third child, Alfred, died whilst still a boy. His burial was covered in a local newspaper.

Samuel James Hanlon, having been too young for WW1, enlisted in the RAF on 27th October 1927, giving his mother as next of kin. Later he married a woman named Elizabeth Magee. Samuel died on 2nd January 1966 at the Fever Hospital at Purdysburn, leaving only £39 in his will to his widow. He was buried at U343 at Roselawn Cemetery.

Brother Albert Frederick died a month later, on 2nd February 1966. He is buried at St Mary's, Drumbanagher.